Books and Quotations about Martial Arts part 1


The Yamato spirit is not a tame, tender plant, but a wild–in the sense of natural–growth; it is indigenous to the soil; its accidental qualities it may share with the flowers of other lands, but in its essence it remains the original, spontaneous outgrowth of our clime. But its nativity is not its sole claim to our affection. The refinement and grace of its beauty appeal to our æsthetic sense as no other flower can. We cannot share the admiration of the Europeans for their roses, which lack the simplicity of our flower. Then, too, the thorns that are hidden beneath the sweetness of the rose, the tenacity with which she clings to life, as though loth or afraid to die rather than drop untimely, preferring to rot on her stem; her showy colours and heavy odours–all these are traits so unlike our flower, which carries no dagger or poison under its beauty, which is ever ready to depart life at the call of nature, whose colours are never gorgeous, and whose light fragrance never palls. Beauty of colour and of form is limited in its showing; it is a fixed quality of existence, whereas fragrance is volatile, ethereal as the breathing of life. So in all religious ceremonies frankincense and myrrh play a prominent part. There is something spirituelle in redolence. When the delicious perfume of the sakura quickens the morning air, as the sun in its course rises to illumine first the isles of the Far East, few sensations are more serenely exhilarating than to inhale, as it were, the very breath of beauteous day.
***
A truly brave man is ever serene; he is never taken by surprise; nothing ruffles the equanimity of his spirit. In the heat of battle he remains cool; in the midst of catastrophes he keeps level his mind. Earthquakes do not shake him, he laughs at storms. We admire him as truly great, who, in the menacing presence of danger or death, retains his self-possession; who, for instance, can compose a poem under impending peril or hum a strain in the face of death. Such indulgence betraying no tremor in the writing or in the voice, is taken as an infallible index of a large nature—of what we call a capacious mind (Yoyū), which, far from being pressed or crowded, has always room for something more.
***
Did not Socrates, all the while he unflinchingly refused to concede one iota of loyalty to his daemon, obey with equal fidelity and equanimity the command of his earthly master, the State? His conscience he followed, alive; his country he served, dying. Alack the day when a state grows so powerful as to demand of its citizens the dictates of their consciences!
***
Ritterlichkeit ist eine Blume, die auf dem Boden Japans nicht weniger heimisch ist als ihr Symbol, die Kirschblüte. Sie ist kein vertrocknetes Blatt einer uralten Tugend, die im Herbarium unserer Geschichte verwahrt wird, sondern ein lebendiges Etwas von Schönheit und Macht, das unter uns weilt.
***
There are, if I may so say, three powerful spirits, which have from time to time, moved on the face of the waters, and given a predominant impulse to the moral sentiments and energies of mankind. These are the spirits of liberty, of religion, and of honor
***
Bushido as an independent code of ethics may vanish, but its power will not perish from the earth; its schools of martial prowess or civic honor may be demolished, but its light and its glory will long survive their ruins. Like its symbolic flower, after it is blown to the four winds, it will still bless mankind with the perfume with which it will enrich life.
***
Read Hearn, the most eloquent and truthful interpreter of the Japanese mind, and you see the working of that mind to be an example of the working of Bushido.
***
Tranquillity is courage in repose. It is a statical manifestation of valor, as daring deeds are a dynamical. A truly brave man is ever serene; he is never taken by surprise; nothing ruffles the equanimity of his spirit.
***
It is a brave act of valor to contemn death, but where life is more terrible than death, it is then the truest valor to dare to live
***
Filial Piety, which is considered one of the two wheels of the chariot of Japanese ethics—Loyalty being the other.

― Inazo Nitobe, Bushido, the Soul of Japan


Meditation on inevitable death should be performed daily. Every day when one’s body and mind are at peace, one should meditate upon being ripped apart by arrows, rifles, spears and swords, being carried away by surging waves, being thrown into the midst of a great fire, being struck by lightning, being shaken to death by a great earthquake, falling from thousand-foot cliffs, dying of disease or committing seppuku at the death of one’s master. And every day without fail one should consider himself as dead.
***
It is said that what is called “the spirit of an age” is something to which one cannot return. That this spirit gradually dissipates is due to the world’s coming to an end. For this reason, although one would like to change today’s world back to the spirit of one hundred years or more ago, it cannot be done. Thus it is important to make the best out of every generation.
***
It is spiritless to think that you cannot attain to that which you have seen and heard the masters attain. The masters are men. You are also a man. If you think that you will be inferior in doing something, you will be on that road very soon.
***
Even if it seems certain that you will lose, retaliate. Neither wisdom nor technique has a place in this. A real man does not think of victory or defeat. He plunges recklessly towards an irrational death. By doing this, you will awaken from your dreams.
***
Whether people be of high or low birth, rich or poor, old or young, enlightened or confused, they are all alike in that they will one day die.
***
Be true to the thought of the moment and avoid distraction. Other than continuing to exert yourself, enter into nothing else, but go to the extent of living single thought by single thought.
***
There is surely nothing other than the single purpose of the present moment. A man’s whole life is a succession of moment after moment. There will be nothing else to do, and nothing else to pursue. Live being true to the single purpose of the moment.

― Tsunetomo Yamamoto, Hagakure: The Book of the Samurai


Mistakes are our teachers,’ explained Sensei Yamada, bowing before the Buddha. ‘As long as you recognize them for what they are, they can help you learn about life. Each mistake teaches you something new about yourself. There is no failure, remember, except in no longer trying. It is the courage to continue that counts.
***
Anyone can give up; it is the easiest thing in the world to do. But to hold it together when everyone would expect you to fall apart, now that is true strength.
***
Each mistake teaches you something new about yourself. There is no failure, remember, except in no longer trying. It is the courage to continue that counts.
***
Impatience is a hindrance. As with all things if you attempt to take shortcuts, the final destination will rarely be as good and may even be attainable.
***
Wherever it is you may be, it is your friends who make your world.
***
A samurai must remain calm at all times even in the face of danger.
***
The impossible becomes possible if only your mind believes it.

― Chris Bradford, The Way of the Sword

Harakiri and Suppuku

What is Harakiri (Seppuku)?
It can be considered as honorable death or ritualistic way of ending the life of a samurai. Only samurai can perform harakiri, commoners cannot (They can but no-one would care). The custom dates back to the 12th century as a means for the upper and samurai classes exclusively to atone for crimes, regain lost honour, or avoid disgraceful capture. When executed correctly it was considered to be the noblest way for a samurai to die, and from eyewitness accounts of such ritualistic suicide, probably the most painful.

How is it done?
Seppuku in its most common and recognizable form became a highly ritualized spectacle of noble and artistic suicide in the 1700s. The condemned man wore a ceremonial white death kimono and was permitted a final meal. The execution blade, which could range in size from a long sword to a ceremonial knife, was then served in the last plate, and he would be expected to write a death poem before stabbing himself in the abdomen and cutting first from left to the right and then upwards. Upon completing the cut, his second (kaishakunin) would step forward to issue the killing blow to the condemned man’s exposed neck. However if honour was to be preserved in the act, it was expected that this cut would not severe the neck completely, but allow just enough flesh attached for the head to fall naturally forward into the executed man’s arms. In this way, not only the viewers clothes are not stained with the blood but also the head drops among the two hands of the samurai as if he is holding his head. Women who performed seppuku–often the wives of samurai wishing to avoid capture–would tie their legs together before cutting to preserve a modest posture in death. Variations of the ritual exist without seconds, in which case the condemned man would be expected to strike the final blow to his own throat or heart.

Are Seppuku and Harakiri the same?
Seppuku and harakiri are in essence the same thing. Both refer to the same form of self-execution via disembowelment, and both ostensibly mean “[to] cut the stomach.” The difference between the two words is entirely etymological. Seppuku derives from an on-yomi or Chinese reading of the kanji characters 切腹, while harakiri is a kun-yomi, or native Japanese reading of the same characters in reverse. Due to the historico-political association of Chinese characters with early Japanese aristocratic and governmental literature, the term “seppuku” is almost always used in a written context, while “harakiri” is its verbal equivalent.
There are 2 kinds of Harakiri
Seppuku could be either voluntary or obligatory.
Voluntary seppuku was often committed to restore honour for a misdeed or a failure, or else to avoid capture by an invading army. Obligatory seppuku could be requested by the victor of a conflict as a term of surrender and subsequent peace. In such cases, the leader(s) of the losing side were compelled to commit seppuku, thus removing all further political and military opposition to the victor.
Obligatory seppuku was also used as a means of capital punishment for disgraced samurai who had committed acts of treason or violent crimes. Those who resisted such punishment were restrained while it was acted upon them by another. In the case of the “47 samurai” the seppuku was obligatory handed by the shogunate. During the obligatory seppuku, the blade without the “handle” wrapped with a fabric is given to the samurai to make sure he does not fight back.

The last harakiri in Japan
Yukio Mishima is one of the most interesting characters who ever lived in Japan. He was a famous author who worked as an actor and model. After studying martial arts and kendo, he founded his own private militia (tatenokai) consisting of martial arts students with the focus on the far right ideology and the importance of the emperor of Japan. In 1970 he and his four men from tatenokai trespassed into a Japan Self defense Forces outpost in Tokyo. Mishima encouraged the troops at the base to rise up to reinstate to imperial constitution. This was an obvious attempt for a coup in Japan. But the soldiers did not take him seriously and he ended his life by seppuku on Nov. 25, 1970. Mishima’s seppuku is especially noteworthy because of the failure of his second to correctly deliver the killing blow, resulting in an agonizing series of hacks at Mishima’s neck until his head was finally fully removed.

Why did they cut the belly?
In ancient Asia many believed that the spirit rested inside the belly, slitting the belly let the spirit go free. Also one has to be very brave and mentally strong to be able to perform such kind of act which can only be carried by a true samurai. Although it is reported that in some occasions the samurai lost themselves and collapsed before the ritual and were forcefully beheaded.
Why did the samurai commit seppuku?
Seppuku began on the battlefield as a means for routed samurai to avoid capture, torture, and dishonour. As it evolved, it became a way for disgraced samurai to regain honour by their own hands, as opposed to being executed by another. Seppuku was thus an act that required some form of permission by a figure of authority. Although in the Sengoku period some samurais committed seppuku after their lord died, this practice was banned during the Edo period.

Who did harakiri?
The earliest record of seppuku was that committed by Minamoto no Yorimasa in 1180. Without any accompanying ritual or codified way of performing the act, early seppuku was likely a painful and drawn out process. Some historically notable acts of seppuku include that of Oda Nobunaga, who engaged in ritual suicide to avoid capture when surrounded at Honno-ji temple in 1582; philosopher and tea master Sen-no-Rikyu who was ordered to commit seppuku in 1591 by his lord Toyotomi Hideyoshi over differences of political opinion; Torii Mototada who in 1600 bravely and held his garrison of 300 samurai at Fushimi Castle against the overwhelming siege by the forces of Toyotomi Hideyori; Saigo Takamori who committed seppuku in 1877 after he got wounded during the Satsuma rebellion and and Yukio Mishima who committed seppuku in 1970 after a failed coup d’état.

Famous Samurais of Japan

Oda Nobunaga (1534~1582) , The Uniter of Japan I


After the Onin war (1467 ~1477) the shogun system collapsed and all the daimyos declared their independence. Japan had been in total chaos and no daimyo could establish any significant superiority over others.
The hopeless situation would one day be ended by the Demon King Nobunaga who was born in Nagoya Castle in 1534.
He was brave but unpredictable and sometimes acting bizarre. He was so disrespectful during his father’s funeral so that one of his retainers committed seppuku to protest him.
To take over the leadership the Oda clan, he first killed his uncle and younger brother.
Then he attacked an army of 25,000 men from the Imagawa clan with only 3000 men. He first intimidated them by using dummy soldiers in the dark and then ambushed them in a narrow gorge.
In 1568 The Ashikaga Shogun invited Nobunaga to Kyoto in order to protect him from other daimyos. Nabunaga helped him and announced him as the new shogun but it was an act. Nobunaga wanted to be the shogun himself so he restricted the powers of the Ashikaga shogun. Historians call this moment the end of the Muromachi (Ashikaga) period and the beginning of the period of Azuchi-Momoyama.
Even though he won many battles, his brother was killed by the warrior monks. Nobunaga also lost against the Ikko Ikki warrior monks a few times in his life. But in 1571 he burned one of the biggest temples in Japan slaughtered thousands of monks in Mount Hiei, north of Kyoto city. He repeated the same thing in 1574, he burned the Nagashima settlements of Ikko Ikki, slaughtering about 20,000 people.
In 1575, Oda Nobunaga’s forces crushed the Takeda clan’s army (famous for its cavalry) by using arquebuses Nobunaga acquired from Westerners. About 10,000 Takeda forces were killed near the Nagashino Castle. Although the leader of the Takeda clan survived, Nobunaga got all of their territories in 1582.
Nobunaga is known as the person who introduced and promoted Christianity in Japan. Some historians also claim that he converted to Christianity.
In 1578 , Oda Nobunaga built the Azuchi Castle, the biggest and perhaps the most aesthetically pleasing castle back then. It was on top of a hill overseeing the Eastern and Western Japan.
The only little problem in Central Japan was the ninja clans in the Iga region. They defeated Nobunaga’s son in 1579 and they were completely independent. 2 years later, Nobunaga surrounded the region with 44 thousand-strong army and slaughtered thousands of ninja’s in the region.
Nobunaga also was sometimes disrespectful to men around him. He called Toyotomi Hideyoshi Saru (Monkey) and Akechi Mitsuhide Hage (baldy). He also killed some high ranking war prisoners, whose relatives in turn killed Akechi’s mother.
on June 21, 1582, while resting at the Honnoji Temple with a few dozen servants, Nobunaga realized that thousands of samurai troops waiting outside to kill him. The temple was set on fire and Nobunaga and his close servants committed seppuku. These samurai troops were led by no-one else but Akechi Mitsuhide, one of Nobunaga’s closest generals.

Toyotomi Hideyoshi (1537~1598) The Uniter of Japan II


Hideyoshi’s story was rags to the riches. He was a son of a peasant and he was just a sandal bearer for Oda Nobunaga.
He proved himself to be a smart and good warrior and he became one of Nobunaga’s generals. He avenged his master just 11 days after his death and killed Akechi Mitsuhide.
The chiefs of Oda clan did not want Hideyoshi to be the next leader since he was not from the Oda family. Hideyoshi appointed the infant son of Nobunaga as the new leader on purpose and then destroyed the forces of Katsuie, the chief of the Oda clan. Later he declared himself the head of the Oda clan and started ruling the largest territory in Japan.
In 1583, Hideyoshi built the largest castle in Japan back then: the Osaka castle. The daimyos from each region competed carrying large stones to show there loyalty to Hideyoshi.
In the following years Hideyoshi captured the lands of Shikoku island and Kyushu Island. In 1590, he captured the Odawara castle in Tokyo. Nobunaga’s dream was fulfilled, Japan was finally unified for the first time in 100 years achieved by a son of a peasant. Hideyoshi was never appointed as “shogun” by the emperor because he did not belong to the Minamoto clan.
Hideyoshi prohibited peasants from carrying swords, he confiscated all their swords and melted them into a Buddha statue. He killed 26 Christian missionaries and Japanese converts In Nagasaki to discourage people from converting.
Hideyoshi also asked Sen no Rikyu, the founder of tea ceremony and one of Hideyoshi’s closest friends, to commit seppuku, for the reason we still don’t know today.
He invaded Korea twice (1592, 1597), both incursions were somewhat successful but the Japanese forces never made it into Mainland China and eventually withdrew. The Japanese army attacked China in 1931 by following the same route used by Hideyoshi’s forces.
He could not have a child to take over after him so he declared that his nephew was the heir. But He eventually had a son 5 years before his death. He then killed his nephew and all of his family members including women and kids.
Before he died, he set up the elders council to rule Japan temporarily until his 5 year old son grows up. The elderly council, consisting of 5 generals including Ieyasu, promised to protect his son and obey his rule in the future.

Musashi Miyamoto (1584~1645)


Musashi did not have a master daimyo so he was a ronin. He had more than 60 sword duels, the highest number recorded. He is said to have killed 17 people in his battles. His first battle was when he was 13. He was very strong and a skilled carpenter, architect and an artist. He was about 180 cm while an avg. samurai was 150 cm tall. He is famous for his technique of using two swords in his two hands as usually katana is held with both hands. He wrote a book to train the samurais and the swordsmen. The book is recommended to everyone including martial arts practitioners and business leaders. Miyamoto emphasized that the techniques are less important than the overall goal. The same fighting principles apply to not only one-on-one conflicts but also army battles. The 5 rings represent the five episodes Musashi wrote:
“Do nothing that is of no use” ; “If you wish to control others you must first control yourself”; “from one thing, know ten thousand things”; “It is difficult to understand the universe if you only study one planet” ; “In battle, if you you make your opponent flinch, you have already won.”; “Do not regret what you have done”; “If you do not control the enemy, the enemy will control you” ; “Respect Buddha and the gods without counting on their help”; “The important thing in strategy is not to suppress the enemy’s useful actions but allow his useless actions”; “Perception is strong and sight weak. In strategy it is important to see distant things as if they were close and to take a distanced view of close things.”; “Accept everything just the way it is.”; “Never let yourself be saddened by a separation.”

Sanada Yukimura (1567- 1615)


Sanada Yukimura was the most famous samurai of the Sanada clan, being called “A Hero who may appear once in a hundred years“ and “Number one warrior in Japan,“ who is famous for his participation in the Siege of Osaka Castle in 1614 (Winter campaign) and 1615 (Summer Campaign). In the events preceding the Battle of Sekigahara, Yukimura and his father decided to side with Ishida Mitsunari, against Tokugawa Ieyasu, parting ways with Yukimura’s brother Nobuyuki. He participated in the Winter and Summer sieges of Osaka Castle, successfully defending the Castle with only 6000 men against Tokugawa shogunate attacked by 30,000 troops. He was killed near the Yasui Shrine right by the Tennoji temple in Osaka during the Summer siege of Osaka castle. His armor had a symbolic meaning: deer horns (deers are messengers of Gods), red color (red is the purifying color that keep evil spirits away, 6 coins (after death our spirits should pay 6 coins to the devil waiting by the river, the 6 coins on the helmet to remind the readiness for death).

Yoshitsune Minamoto (1159-1189)


Yoshitsune Minamoto faced hardship already as a 1-year-old boy, when his father and two older brothers were murdered in the Heiji Rebellion, while he and his mother managed to flee. He was raised by the monks in Kurama Temple, but did not want to become a priest himself. His famous companion was Benkei (1155-1189) who was sohei ( warrior monk). One night, Benkei was wandering around Kyoto, in his quest to take 1000 swords from samurai warriors. Having managed to take 999 swords, he faced up to the man much smaller than himself and lost- that man was Yoshitsune Minamoto. Out of respect, he became Yoshitsune’s retainer and fought alongside him in his battles against the Taira clan, becoming known in Japanese folklore for his honor, bravery and loyalty. When Yoshitsune was betrayed by his brother Yoritomo and had to commit seppuku (ritual suicide) in the castle of Koromogawa, Benkei died defending him, pierced by a barrage of arrows on the bridge leading towards the castle.

Takeda Shingen (1521- 1573)


Takeda Shingen, Haronubu, was one of the most famous feudal lords of Japan, during a difficult Sengoku (warring states) period. He was known for his rivalry with another famed warrior Uesugi Kenshin. Born into a clan of military governors, he forced his father to step down as a head of the clan and took over. He started expanding into neighboring areas, acquiring a lot of land for his family. In 1551, he became a Buddhist priest and took the name Shingen. Around that time, he started his rivalry with Uesugi Kenshin, with whom he fought five times in the Battles of Kawanakajima. During the only single combat between the two, Kenshin attacked him with a sword, while Shingen fought back with an iron war fan. He also defeated Tokugawa Ieyasu in the Battle of Hamamatsu. There are many accounts of his death, but the most popular is offered in Kurosawa’s movie “Kagemusha“, according to which he died of a single sniper shot wound.

Yoritomo Minamoto (1147-1199)


Yoritomo Minamoto is one of the most important historical figures in Japan, being the first shogun of the Kamakura shogunate, the first shogunate in Japan’s history. As a member of the Minamoto clan, he was destined for a clash with the rival Taira clan. His father and numerous family members were killed by the Taira clan during the Heiji rebellion, and young Yoritomo spent his youth in a Buddhist temple, preparing his revenge. His opportunity came when Prince Mochihito urged him to take up arms and rebel against the Taira. After a series of battles in the Genpei War, he managed to defeat the Taira and set up his base in Kamakura, where he was appointed as shogun and allowed to establish the offices of jito (stewards) and shugo (military governors). The conflict between the Taira and the Minamoto clan is chronicled in “Tale of the Heike“.

Date Masamune (1567- 1636)


Date Masamune was a regional ruler who founded Sendai, the capital of Miyagi Prefecture. He was known as “One-eyed Dragon of Oshu“, having lost his right eye to smallpox he had as a child. In battles, he wore his well-known crescent-moon helmet, which only added to his reputation as a frightening warrior. He fought his first battle at the age of 14, fighting alongside his father in the clash against the rival Soma family. After his father’s death, Masamune became the head of the Date clan. He served shogun Toyotomi Hideyoshi who once spared his life in admiration of his bravery in the face of death, but after his death pledged allegiance to Tokugawa Ieyasu who made him the lord of the Sendai Domain and one of the most powerful regional rulers in Japan.

Tomoe Gozen (c.1157-1247)


Tomoe Gozen was onna-bugeisha (female samurai), admired for her swordsmanship, bravery and strength, in addition to her extraordinary beauty. She fought in the Genpei War alongside Minamoto no Yoshinaka, to whom she was either a wife or a mistress. Her moment of glory came in the Battle of Awazu, in which Yoshinaka was killed. Yoshinaka told her that he wanted to die fighting, and urged her to leave the battlefield, because he did not want to die with a woman. There are many accounts of what happened next. According to some, she beheaded one samurai warrior and obliged by escaping the battlefield. Uchida Ieyoshi, a samurai warrior who betrayed Minamoto no Yoritomo, also died at her hands.

Uesugi Kenshin (1530-1578)


Uesugi Kenshin, born in Nagao Kagetora, was the most powerful feudal lord of the Sengoku period, along with Takeda Shingen. He was not only an exceptionally skilled warrior, but also a great administrator and trader. He had a longstanding rivalry with Takeda Shingen over the province of Kanto. Uesugi took the name Kenshin (meaning new sword) and become a Zen-Buddhist, taking a vow of celibacy and becoming vegetarian. He identified with the Buddhist god of war- Bishamonten. By defeating Oda Nobunaga he managed to prevent him from taking over Japan. Kenshin either died of a stomach cancer, or was murdered by a ninja who was hiding under the latrine.

Ishida Mitsunari (1559- 1600)


Ishida Mitsunari was the general of the Western army during the Sekigahara battle. When he was a 13-year-old boy he met Toyotomi Hideyoshi, who appointed him to his staff after enjoying three cups of tea that the boy served him. He went on to become Hideyoshi’s financial manager and administrator, in charge of diplomatic relations with foreigners, among other things. After Hideyoshi died, Tokugawa Ieyasu became one of the five rulers to rule in the name of Hideyoshi’s five-year-old son, and Mitsunari soon became disillusioned with him. He was caught by peasants and executed in Kyoto.

Kato Kiyomasa (1562- 1611)


Kato Kiyomasa, was instrumental in helping Toyotomi Hideyoshi and Tokugawa Ieyasu to unite Japan. He was the relative of Hideyoshi, and fought alongside him in the Korean campaign, earning the nickname “Devil Kiyomasa“. He was one of the Seven Spears of Shizugatake, Hideyoshi’s bodyguards at the Battle of Shizugatake, and was awarded a lot of land for his service. He built a number of Buddhist shrines and was suppressing Christianity. Having acted as a mediator between Hideyoshi and Ieyasu on many occasions, Kiyomasa fell ill and died after one such meeting.

Sakamoto Ryoma (1836- 1867)


Sakamoto Ryoma was one of the most beloved and admired Japanese heroes, known as a “Japanese Che Guevara“ and celebrated in Japan’s popular culture. He fought against the Tokugawa shogunate, and was known for his visionary work and reforms striving for a more democratic Japan, based on equality. The fact that he managed to forge an alliance between Choshu and Satsuma provinces, proved instrumental in the overthrow of the Tokugawa shogunate in the Boshin war. He is also known as the “Father of the Imperial Japanese Navy“, since he established the flotilla to fight against the Tokugawa. He was assassinated by a band of assassins in the Omiya Inn at the age of 31 (only 5-minute walk from this museum.. The Kochi Ryoma Airport is named after him and there is a Sakamoto Ryoma Memorial Museum in the same city.

Ito Hirobumi (1841- 1909)


Ito Hirobumi was the first prime minister of Japan who was coming from a samurai family. He drafted the Meiji Constitution, looking up to Western models, owing to his England-based education. He became the first Prime Minister of Japan in 1885, and held the same position three more times, the longest tenure in the history of Japan. Following the Japan-Korea Treaty in 1905, he became the first Japanese Resident-General of Korea, and the President of the Privy Council of Japan, following Korea’s subsequent annexation. He was murdered at the Harbin Railway station, by a Korean nationalist and independence activist.

Hijikata Toshizo (1835- 1869)


Hijikata Toshizo born into a wealthy family in Musashi, went on to become the vice-commander of the Shinsengumi. He was practicing kenjutsu when he met Kondo Isamo, the fourth master of the Tennen Rishin-Ryu martial art, and became his disciple. He fought alongside his teacher at the Battle of Toba-Fushimi and replaced him at the Battle of Yodo-Senryomatsu, because Kondo was wounded. It is said that, after having lost many men in these battles, Toshizo realized that he would no longer have any luck in battles. After Kondo’s death, Hijikata announced the new “Republic of Ezo“. He was killed in the final conflict with the Imperial Forces, while riding on a horseback in combat.

Akechi Mitsuide (1528~1582)


Akechi Mitsuide was a daimyo of the Akechi clan and a general under Oda Nobunaga. He betrayed his master Nobunaga and ordered his troops to kill him. Soon after he was killed by a ronin and Toyotomi Hideyoshi started ruling Japan. Although this kind of betrayal is uncommon some say he was infuriate because Nobunaga insulted him publicly and Nobunaga killed the rulers of a major clan who in turn kidnapped Akechi’s mother and killed her.

Yasuke (1555-1590)


(an artist’s illustration of Yasuke)
Yasuke was a black samurai of African origin (from Ethiopia, Mozambique or South Sudan), described as being a foot taller than other men of his time and “having the strength of ten men“. He was brought to Japan in 1579, by Jesuit missionaries and made a bodyguard to Oda Nobunaga. Upon seeing him for the first time, Nobunaga found it hard to believe that his skin was really black, so he asked him to take his shirt off and scrub his skin to prove that it was not ink. Yasuke’s career as a samurai ended when Nobunaga committed a seppuku (ritual suicide), after being defeated by his former general Mitsuhide.

Kondo Isami (1834- 1868)


Kondo Isami was a swordsman and a renowned commander of the Shinsengumi. He was adopted by Kondo Shusuke, master of the Tennen Rishin-Ryu (Japanese martial art practiced by the Shinsengumi), who was impressed by the bravery of then a 13-year-old boy who saved his family home from a group of thieves. Isami went on to become the fourth master of the Tennen-Rishin-Ryu. He was wounded at the battle of Toba-Fushimi and nearly escaped the Imperial Forces at the Battle of Koshu-Katsunuma. He was finally caught by surprise during training in 1868, arrested by the Imperial Forces and beheaded at the Itabashi execution grounds. His head was put on public display, but it was stolen and buried behind an ancient shrine in Okazaki.

Saigo Takamori (1828- 1877)


Saigo Takamori, known as the last true samurai, resisted modernism and is hailed as a national hero in Japan. When he was a young man, his master died, and he, wanting to follow an old tradition of junshi, attempted to commit a suicide by jumping into a lake, but survived. When Japan was forced to signed the Treaty of Kanagawa and open its ports to American ships under the command of Commodore Matthew Perry, it ended Japan’s 220-year-old policy of seclusion (sakoku) and exposed the weaknesses of military dictatorship (shogunate). This event triggered the Meiji Restoration, with Emperor Meiji attempting to modernize the country and dismantle the old system of rule. When the reforms threatened samurai way of life, forbidding them from carrying their swords in public, ordering them to wear their hair in Western fashion, Saigo resigned from his government positions and established his own school, attracting as many as 20.000 young samurai. From there, he led the Satsuma rebellion against the central government. Details surrounding his death during the rebellion are not completely known, but it is believed that he committed a seppuku, either by himself or assisted by another samurai.
 

Kyoto Samurai Armor Yoroi/Kabuto For Sale at the Kyoto Samurai & Ninja Museum

Additional photos for the samurai armor for sale in Kyoto, Japan. The price is ¥600,000 + shipping. You will receive the armor in the box shipped to you via EMS. You will need to wire the money to our bank account before we ship. If you’d like you can have an acquaintance of yours visit the samurai museum and Samurai Experience Kyoto or  stop by our place in Osaka before you make the purchase decision, we are open 365 days a year. You will receive the armor in the box, so you have to assemble it on your own (takes about 15 minutes, there are videos on youtube about how to assemble a yoroi).

You can send us a direct message via our Facebook Page or via email

Perceive that which cannot be seen with the eye (Miyamoto Musashi)

Kyoto samurai armor for sale 21

Kyoto samurai armor for sale 19

Kyoto samurai armor for sale 18

Kyoto samurai armor for sale 17

Kyoto samurai armor for sale 12

Kyoto samurai armor for sale 13

Kyoto samurai armor for sale 12

Kyoto samurai armor for sale 11

Kyoto samurai armor for sale 10
sdr

sdr

sdr

海外の方に侍の歴史・文化を楽しんでいただく英語ツアーガイド☆時給1300円〜1500円【京都河原町店】

京都河原町・伏見稲荷・大阪心斎橋の3店舗で、海外からの旅行者の方を主なターゲットとした、和文化体験施設MAIKOYAと、SAMURAI NINJA MUSEUMを運営しております。
MAIKOYAはTripadvisorより2018年外国人が好きな体験ツアー日本全国5位に選ばれました。
KYOTO SAMURAI NINJA MUSEUMはTripadvisorの京都市の全博物館・美術館の中で1位にランクインしています。
今回はKYOTO SAMURAI NINJA MUSEUM(京都河原町店)にてアルバイトと正社員を同時募集。
主に外国人のお客様に、当施設館内で、侍や忍者の歴史・文化について、説明をしてさしあげるツアーガイドのお仕事になります。
お客様はほぼ100%外国人、中でも侍ファンの欧米の方が特に多く、高い英語力が求められます。
最初は完璧でなくても、ガイドの内容は研修があります。
ぜひ、海外からのたくさんのお客様に、日本の良いところをお話して下さい。ご応募お待ちしております。

 

このような方を募集しています!

●戦国武将や日本史の知識に多少の自信がある方
●1人だけでガイドができるレベルの英語力がある方
●海外の方に日本の文化を伝える仕事に喜びを感じていただける方
●長期的にご活躍いただける方

募集要項

概要 [英語活かす]侍の歴史ツアーガイド
業種 観光施設
職種 ガイド
勤務地 京都府
京都河原町店:京都市中京区下丸屋町/河原町通
勤務時間 シフト制(*週2日勤務〜OK)9:00~20:00の間で実働4時間〜8時間程度(休憩1時間)
休日 シフト制
給与 時給1300円〜1500円(スキルによる)
試用期間 勤務日で10日(この間は時給1100円)
条件
アルバイト / 未経験者歓迎 / 経験者優遇 / 英語を活かす / 中国語を活かす
待遇詳細 ・交通費支給
・各種社会保険
・昇給あり
コメント STEP1. 書類選考

STEP2. 1次面接

STEP3. 内定
必要応募書類
履歴書を jinji@globa.info(担当:河井)までメールしてください。
申込時に、英語のレベルを明記して下さい。

英語力が活かせる!欧米人に人気の和文化体験『MAIKOYA』接客スタッフ【京都河原町・伏見稲荷・大阪心斎橋】正社員募集

日本文化をたくさんの海外の方に!【京都河原町店・伏見稲荷店・大阪心斎橋店】正社員募集

MAIKOYA(まいこや)は日本文化を海外の方へ提供する和文化体験施設です。茶道をはじめ、書道、料理、着物、侍体験など、様々なアクティビティを京都河原町・伏見稲荷・大阪心斎橋の3店舗で、お届けしています。

MAIKOYAはTripadvisorより2018年外国人が好きな体験ツアー、日本全国5位に選ばれました。大阪店・京都店ともに欧米からのお客様が大変多く、フレンドリーな接客と笑顔、コミュニケーション力の高さで高評価をいただいております。
英語バイト大阪京都
jinji@globa.info まで、履歴書を添付しご応募ください。

業務内容:
・主に外国人のお客様への館内案内
・様々な文化体験レッスンの講師
・観光会社/現地法人などとの交渉や営業活動
・海外からのメール/電話対応
・予約/売上管理

・スタッフ教育など
京都河原町店・伏見稲荷店・大阪心斎橋店で同時募集いたします。★必要なスキルは研修期間中にひとつひとつお教えします!
茶道や着付けなどの専門的な知識がなくても、安心してご応募下さい。グローバルビジネスに興味がある方、日本の文化を海外に発信したい方、英語力を磨きたい方、ぜひ、あなたの能力をMAIKOYAで生かしてください。
求める人材
《必須条件》
・海外の方に日本文化を知ってもらいたいという想いがある
・日本文化を学び、伝える意欲を持っている
・英語と日本語両方で円滑にコミュニケーションをとることができる
・Excel、Wordを問題なく使える程度のパソコンスキル
《優遇します!》
・英語力が高い方、中国語もできる方
・茶道や日舞などの日本的な特技がある方
・日本史が得意な方
<募集要項>
日本文化体験施設の案内・講師・交渉・予約受付等スタッフ(日本語・英語)
業種:観光施設
職種:接客・販売
勤務地:京都府 、大阪府
【京都河原町店:京都市中京区下丸屋町】【京都伏見稲荷店:京都市伏見区深草開土町】【大阪心斎橋店:大阪市西区新町】
勤務時間:シフト制、9:00~20:00の間で実働8時間程度(休憩1時間)
休日:シフト制、週休2日
給与:(正社員例)月給25万円〜35万円(みなし残業手当50,000円を含む・月30時間を超過した場合は別途支給) 経験とスキルを考慮の上決定。昇給年1回・賞与年2回
試用期間:3ヶ月
条件:
正社員 / 契約社員 / 未経験者歓迎 / 経験者優遇 / 英語を活かす / 中国語を活かす
待遇詳細:
・交通費支給
・各種社会保険
・残業手当
・昇給年1回/賞与年2回
・有給休暇
・春季休暇、夏季休暇、冬期休暇
jinji@globa.info まで、履歴書を添付しご応募ください。

Nghi thức ở Nhật Bản, quy tắc hành vi đạo đức ở Nhật Bản, cách cư xử

Quy tắc hành vi đạo đức ở Nhật Bản là gì? Cách cư xử ở Nhật Bản là gì?

-Nếu sàn nhà là tatami, hãy cởi giày ra. Xin vui lòng cũng không đi bộ bên trong nhà bất kỳ bằng cách mang giày. -Sau khi cởi giày ra, hãy đặt giày trên sàn theo hướng quay mặt ra.
75_Nagano-Zenkoji
-Xin đừng đi trong khi ăn. Đừng ăn trên xe lửa công cộng.
-Xin vui lòng không nói chuyện điện thoại khi đang trên tàu. Vui lòng không trò chuyện to trên tàu.
-Take tất cả mọi thứ bằng cách sử dụng hai tay. Cho tất cả mọi thứ bằng cách sử dụng hai tay.
-Không gọi mọi người bằng tên của họ. Gọi mọi người với họ của họ và thêm -san (ví dụ: Suzuki-san, Yamamoto-san). -Khi bạn vào quán cà phê, hãy tìm một chỗ trống trước khi đặt hàng.
-Khi trả tiền cho một cái gì đó, không đưa tiền cho bàn tay của nhân viên. Luôn đặt tiền vào khay.
-Sử dụng nước hoa trong một lượng nhỏ. Người Nhật có một cái mũi nhạy cảm.
– Trước khi ăn, nói “itadakimasu.” Sau khi ăn xong, nói “gochi sou sama deshita.” Nếu ai đó nấu ăn cho bạn, hãy nói “umai”. Nó có nghĩa là ngon.
-Khi sử dụng tăm bằng một tay, hãy dùng tay kia che miệng lại.
-Khi phụ nữ Nhật cười, họ che miệng lại. -Khi đi qua giữa hai người, hãy luôn giơ tay lên và lắc tay về phía trước. Điều này có nghĩa là “Tôi xin lỗi vì đã làm gián đoạn”.
-Nếu bạn nhận được một món quà. Đừng mở nó ngay lập tức. Hỏi xem có được mở món quà không.
-Sau khi nhận được dịch vụ tốt, chỉ cần nói cảm ơn bạn. Đừng tip.
-Mọi người thường không bắt tay. Mọi người thường không ôm nhau. Bowing thường có nghĩa là sự tôn trọng. Đôi khi mọi người cúi chào nói lời cảm ơn hoặc tạm biệt. Là một người nước ngoài, bạn không cần phải cúi đầu. Nhiều người nước ngoài cúi đầu một cách sai lầm. Bowing có các quy tắc (ví dụ 45 độ và thời gian dài cho một người phân cấp thấp).
https://flic.kr/p/pQiC66
-Nếu bạn đang chia sẻ một tấm, xin vui lòng không ăn miếng cuối cùng trên đĩa.
-Không đặt đũa của bạn theo chiều dọc vào cơm. Điều này liên quan đến tang lễ. -Không cho thức ăn cho ai đó bằng đũa. Điều này liên quan đến tang lễ.
-Không hút thuốc ngoài trời. Bạn không được phép hút thuốc bên ngoài.
-Không hủy đặt chỗ nhà hàng vào phút cuối.
-Xin vui lòng trả lại khay thức ăn của riêng bạn tại các nhà hàng (hầu hết các nhà hàng và quán cà phê).
-Xin vui lòng thanh toán tại máy tính tiền. Bạn không phải cung cấp thẻ tín dụng cho người phục vụ.
-Xin vui lòng làm sạch chỗ ngồi sau khi xem một sự kiện thể thao.
– Vệ sinh là rất quan trọng ở Nhật Bản. Hãy nhớ điều này khi bạn sử dụng nhà vệ sinh. -Không có nhiều nhà vệ sinh công cộng ở Nhật Bản. Các nhà vệ sinh trong nhà có dép đi trong nhà vệ sinh. Không được mang dép đi vệ sinh bên ngoài nhà vệ sinh.
-Không chụp ảnh ở những nơi mà nhiếp ảnh không được phép (một số đền thờ, một số bảo tàng, vv) – Đừng băng qua đường nếu có đèn đỏ. Đó là một ví dụ xấu cho các em học sinh.
-Không thổi mũi của bạn to. Nếu bạn bị bệnh, hãy đeo khẩu trang.
– Không chụp ảnh người lạ. Nếu bạn muốn chụp ảnh một geisha, xin đừng cản đường cô ấy.
– Nhật Bản là một quốc gia nhỏ, không chiếm nhiều không gian trong quá trình vận chuyển công cộng.
-Không có thùng rác ở các khu vực công cộng. Xin vui lòng giữ thrash trong túi của bạn.
-Thải rác thùng rác và thùng rác không cháy được riêng biệt. -Không cố gắng bước vào suối nước nóng với hình xăm. Những người có hình xăm không được phép vào phòng tắm công cộng.
-Đừng vào suối nước nóng mà không cần rửa cơ thể. Luôn luôn có một cốc nhỏ gần bồn tắm suối nước nóng. -Những người Nhật Bản thường đi bộ bên trái đường. Người Nhật thường sử dụng phía bên trái của cầu thang khi bước vào ga tàu điện ngầm.
-Người cuối cùng đi vào thang máy sẽ ra khỏi thang máy cuối cùng.
-Những người dân Nhật Bản đẩy nút “đóng” khi họ ra khỏi thang máy. Bởi vì điều này, những người trong thang máy không phải đợi cửa đóng lại.
-Khi đưa tiền cho mọi người bên ngoài một cửa hàng, luôn luôn sử dụng một phong bì. Bạn có thể mua các phong bì này tại các cửa hàng tiện lợi.
-Trong các nghi lễ đám cưới Người Nhật luôn tặng 30000 yên (300 đô la) làm quà tặng.
-Luôn luôn mỉm cười.

Cách cư xử trong đền thờ là gì? Làm thế nào để cư xử trong đền thờ?

Japanese tourists practice some polite waiting while someone's taking photos
-Không đeo kính râm trong đền thờ. Đừng đội mũ trong đền thờ.
– Khá trong đền thờ. Thể hiện sự tôn trọng trong đền thờ. Đừng nói trước chuông mong muốn. Hãy nhớ rằng một ngôi đền không phải là một điểm tham quan.
-Khi làm một điều ước
a) cúi hai lần
b) ước nguyện
c) vỗ tay hai lần
d) cúi đầu một lần nữa
-Khi rửa tay
1) cầm muỗng nước bằng tay phải
2) rửa tay trái
3) giữ nước muỗng bằng tay trái
4) rửa tay phải
5) giữ muỗng nước bằng tay phải và đổ nước vào tay trái
6) rửa miệng bằng tay trái. Không uống từ muỗng nước.
-Không chụp ảnh của đền thờ bằng cách đứng ở giữa lối vào (dưới “tori”).
-Không bao giờ mở bùa hộ mệnh (omamori: người bùa Nhật Bản). -Không chụp ảnh khi có một buổi lễ của các linh mục shinto.
-Nhật dân trước khi bước vào cổng.
Tiêu chuẩn đời sống xã hội Nhật Bản
-Không nói quá nhiều. Người Nhật không làm gián đoạn trong khi mọi người nói. Nếu bạn tiếp tục nói, người Nhật không thể nói được.
-Những người Nhật Bản thường không nói không. Hãy tìm những dấu hiệu tinh tế để hiểu ý nghĩa của mọi người. Ví dụ-Tôi có thể mượn Ipad của bạn không?
-Đó là một chút khó khăn. (Một chút khó khăn = Không).
-Không nói rằng bạn giỏi thứ gì đó. Tại Nhật Bản, sự khiêm tốn được mong đợi. Nói rằng bạn vẫn chưa hoàn hảo.
-Nếu bạn mắc lỗi xin lỗi. Người dân Nhật Bản xin lỗi vì mọi thứ, hầu hết người nước ngoài không muốn xin lỗi trừ khi có một sai lầm rất lớn.
-Nếu ai đó cung cấp cho bạn một thẻ kinh doanh, không đặt nó vào túi của bạn phải một cách. Bạn cần giữ nó trên bàn cho đến khi kết thúc cuộc họp.
-Nếu ai đó cung cấp cho bạn một danh thiếp, hãy nhìn kỹ nó trong 5 giây và sau đó nói điều gì đó (ví dụ, bạn có một công việc tuyệt vời).
-Không được dọn dẹp nhà cửa sau 22:00. Nó làm cho một số tiếng ồn và hàng xóm của bạn có thể ngủ. Đi chơi picnic – Hầu hết tất cả người Nhật đi dã ngoại trong mùa hoa anh đào. Mọi người ngồi trên một tấm màu xanh. Bảng màu xanh được bán tại các siêu thị.
-Xin vui lòng đổ đồ uống của người đang ngồi cạnh bạn (trong các buổi họp mặt xã hội). Không uống trước khi người xếp hạng cao nhất uống.
-Xin vui lòng không tặng quà với “4.” Số “4” nghe như chết. Hãy chắc chắn rằng món quà cũng được đóng gói.
-Nếu bạn của bạn có lợi cho bạn (dịch tài liệu của bạn), hãy cho bạn của bạn một hộp kẹo. Ở Nhật Bản, ngay cả một chút ủng hộ cũng cần được trả tiền.
-Không yêu cầu một ân huệ. Mọi người giải quyết vấn đề của chính họ ở Nhật Bản.

Mua sắm tại Nhật Bản, Nhật Bản Thông tin mua sắm, Mẹo

Làm thế nào để mua sắm ở Nhật Bản? Mua sắm ở Nhật Bản rất thuận tiện nhưng có một số khác biệt so với các nước khác. Mua sắm ở Nhật có rẻ không? Mua sắm ở Nhật Bản không rẻ và cũng không tốn kém. Nói chung, Điện tử, giày dép và hàng hóa có thương hiệu đắt hơn ở Nhật Bản (So với Hoa Kỳ). Hàng hóa Anime, quà lưu niệm Nhật Bản có xu hướng rẻ. Cũng giống như bất kỳ quốc gia nào khác, Có những cửa hàng rất rẻ (Ví dụ: Daiso. Mỗi mặt hàng là $ 1) và các cửa hàng bách hóa rất đắt tiền (Takashimaya, Daimaru).
Parting The Human Sea
Tôi nên biết gì về mua sắm ở Nhật Bản? -Shops thường bắt đầu hoạt động lúc 11:00 sáng. Nếu bạn đến một cửa hàng lúc 10:00, bạn cần phải đợi trong 1 giờ. -Cửa hàng đóng cửa lúc 6 giờ chiều. Chợ Nishiki đóng cửa lúc 6 giờ chiều. -Không có nhiều trung tâm ngoại hối. Vui lòng đổi tiền tại sân bay hoặc tại ngân hàng. Các ngân hàng đóng cửa lúc 3 giờ chiều. Nhiều cửa hàng thích tiền mặt hơn. Thẻ tín dụng không thể được sử dụng ở mọi nơi. Có máy ATM tại mọi cửa hàng tiện lợi. Nhân viên -Shop không nói được tiếng Anh (Họ có thể hiểu bạn, nếu bạn viết trên giấy bằng tiếng Anh). Sử dụng các câu ngắn, nói rất chậm. -Supermarkets không cho phép khách hàng mở gói đồ ăn nhẹ bên trong cửa hàng (ngay cả sau khi bạn thanh toán). -Không có thùng rác ở các khu vực công cộng. -Nếu sàn nhà là tatami, bạn phải cởi giày ra. Việc mua hàng trả lại và hoàn lại tiền rất khó. Bạn phải có biên nhận nếu bạn muốn trả lại sản phẩm. Nếu bạn mở gói, bạn không thể trả lại sản phẩm.
TOMORROWLAND Ginza Store (トゥモローランド銀座店)
Nếu bạn muốn mua hàng hóa có thương hiệu, hãy tìm kiếm điều này . Điều này sẽ cho bạn thấy trung tâm mua sắm gần nhất. Nếu bạn muốn mua quà lưu niệm giá rẻ, hãy tìm kiếm Daiso . Daiso là một cửa hàng $ 1, mỗi món quà lưu niệm chỉ tốn 1 đô la. Nếu bạn muốn mua đồ điện tử, hãy tìm kiếm “ Máy ảnh Yodabashi ”. Camera Yodobashi là cửa hàng điện tử lớn nhất với nhiều chi nhánh trên khắp Nhật Bản. Nếu bạn muốn mua kimono, bạn có thể đến Maikoya . Bạn cũng có thể tìm thấy kimono mới và cũ ở Chicago Harajuku .
奥村ボタン店
Nếu bạn muốn mua quà tặng độc đáo từ Nhật Bản, hãy vào ” Tokyu Hands ” hoặc ” Don Quote “. Nếu bạn muốn mua những món quà truyền thống và đắt tiền, Đến cửa hàng bách hóa Takashimaya Nếu bạn muốn mua các vật liệu anime, bạn nên đến Akihabara ở Tokyo hoặc Nipponbashi ở Osaka. Nếu bạn muốn mua quà lưu niệm điển hình, bạn có thể mua chúng gần các điểm du lịch lớn như Asakusa ở Tokyo, Đền Kiyomizu ở Kyoto (2nenzaka) và Dotonbori ở Osaka. Sân bay Narita cũng có rất nhiều cửa hàng lưu niệm giá rẻ. -Đây là một số cụm từ mua sắm Bạn có chấp nhận thẻ tín dụng không? : Kaado okkei? Mà là phòng thử đồ? : Fittingu ruumu? Tôi có thể thử điều này không? : Shichaku shite ii? Tôi muốn để túi của tôi ở đây. Bakku koko de iii? Tôi muốn trả tiền cho những thứ này với nhau. Isho de haraitai. Tôi muốn trả tiền riêng cho họ. Betsu de haraitai. *** Thông thường, các cửa hàng lưu niệm ở các khu vực trung tâm và khu vực không tập trung có cùng mức giá. Tại Nhật Bản, các khu vực phổ biến không đắt hơn.

Giao thông tại Nhật Bản, Nhật Bản

Làm thế nào để đi từ nơi này sang nơi khác ở Nhật Bản?

-Nhật Bản có hệ thống vận chuyển tàu tốt nhất thế giới, bạn sẽ chủ yếu đi bằng tàu địa phương hoặc tàu cao tốc (shinkansen). – Vui lòng nhận thẻ JR Pass trước khi đến Nhật Bản. Bạn không thể mua JRPASS ở Nhật Bản. Chi phí khoảng 300 đô la trong 1 tuần. Nếu bạn có JRPASS, bạn có thể đi bất kỳ chuyến tàu JR nào và tàu cao tốc miễn phí. Hãy nhớ rằng JRPASS không thể được sử dụng cho tàu điện ngầm. JRPASS không thể sử dụng cho xe buýt. -Nếu bạn đi tàu, bạn phải lắp vé tàu vào máy đọc hai lần (khi lên xe và khi nào khi xuống xe). Vui lòng luôn giữ vé tàu. Vui lòng luôn giữ vé xe buýt. -Bạn có thể mua vé tàu tại ga xe lửa. Bạn phải mua vé từ máy bán vé. Chi phí phụ thuộc vào số lượng trạm bạn cần để đi du lịch. Nếu bạn không thể đọc tiếng Nhật, chỉ cần hỏi nhân viên. -Trains rất đông đúc từ 7:00 sáng đến 9:00 sáng.
Bullet train - Tokyo Station
Xe buýt thành phố ít phổ biến hơn tàu hỏa nhưng nhiều thành phố lớn có hệ thống xe buýt. Ở nhiều thành phố bạn không phải mua vé. Bạn trả tiền trên xe buýt. Bên trong nhiều xe buýt có một máy chuyển hóa đơn thành tiền xu. -Một chuyến đi taxi 10 phút thường có giá khoảng 15 đô la. $ 6 để mở, $ 1 cho mỗi 500 mét. Khi bạn đi du lịch với 4 người trở lên, đi taxi rẻ hơn và thuận tiện hơn (chỉ lên đến 3 ga xe lửa). -Bạn có thể đi taxi từ sân bay. Taxi từ sân bay Kansai đến Osaka: 150 đô la. Taxi từ sân bay Kansai đến Kyoto: 300 đô la. Taxi từ sân bay Narita đến Tokyo: 300 USD. -Most sân bay có xe buýt đến khu vực trung tâm thành phố mà chi phí khoảng $ 15 ~ $ 20. Tên của xe buýt sân bay được gọi là “xe buýt limousine.” -Bạn có thể đi bất cứ đâu bằng tàu hỏa hoặc tàu điện ngầm. Bạn có thể lấy bản đồ tàu từ bất kỳ ga xe lửa nào.
16000 Series_52
–Bạn không cần thuê xe hơi để đi du lịch trong thành phố. Chi phí đậu xe rất cao. $ 5 trong 1 giờ (trong khu vực trung tâm thành phố). -Nếu bạn muốn thuê một chiếc xe hơi, bạn phải có bằng lái xe quốc tế. Nếu bạn không có bằng lái xe quốc tế, bạn không thể thuê xe hơi. Nhiều đại lý cho thuê xe nói tiếng Anh. -Bạn có thể cần phải thuê một chiếc xe nếu bạn muốn đi đến nhiều nơi ở khu vực nông thôn. Có một vấn đề giao thông vào tối chủ nhật. Sẽ có rất nhiều xe ô tô trong các mùa du lịch cao điểm (ngày đầu năm mới, tuần lễ vàng (tuần đầu tiên của tháng 5), Obon (tuần thứ 2 của tháng 8). Lái xe sẽ rất khó khăn trong mùa mưa (6/15 ~ 7 / 15) và mùa bão (tháng chín). [Nhúng] https://flic.kr/p/bqU9A5 [/ embed] -Đó là không cần thiết để đặt trước vé tàu cao tốc ngay cả khi bạn đặt phòng, bạn Bạn vẫn phải mua vé từ ga xe lửa Bạn có thể đặt vé tàu cao tốc ở đây – Vé tàu cao hơn vé máy bay, tuy nhiên, tàu cao tốc thuận tiện hơn Bạn có thể mua vé máy bay tại đây. xe buýt thành phố là rẻ nhất. Tuy nhiên, đi xe buýt có thể không rất thuận tiện. phải mất một thời gian dài để đi du lịch bằng xe buýt. bạn có thể dự trữ xe buýt ở đây. bạn có thể tìm thấy thành phố bản đồ ở đây bản đồ giao thông Tokyo JR dòng Tokyo vận chuyển bản đồ tàu điện ngầm metro Osaka giao thông vận tải bản đồ Kyoto giao thông vận tải bản đồ Hiroshima giao thông vận tải bản đồ Hakone Transportati bản đồ giao thông Kobe bản đồ giao thông Nagoya bản đồ giao thông Nara

Mẹo du lịch an toàn ở Nhật Bản

Nhật Bản có an toàn để đi du lịch không? Có, Nhật Bản là an toàn để đi du lịch. Nhật Bản có tỷ lệ giết người thấp nhất trên thế giới. Các thành phố Nhật Bản được chọn là an toàn nhất trên thế giới. Rò rỉ hạt nhân đã được kiểm soát. Nhật Bản có một hiến pháp hòa bình. Nhật Bản ít có khả năng bị tấn công bởi một quốc gia khác. Luật khách sạn yêu cầu tất cả các tòa nhà phải đủ mạnh để sống sót sau trận động đất 8 điểm.

Đây là một số mẹo an toàn cho Nhật Bản- Giao thông ở bên phải, vui lòng kiểm tra cả hai cách khi băng qua đường. -Taxi cửa mở tự động. Xin đừng đứng gần cửa xe taxi. Vui lòng không cho phép trẻ em ở gần cửa xe taxi. -Nếu bạn mua một hộp ăn trưa, đũa và tăm được đóng gói với nhau. Nhiều người nước ngoài bị thương khi mở gói đũa. – Biết nơi thoát an toàn. Lối ra được gọi là “deguchi” ở Nhật Bản. Luôn luôn nhớ dấu “出口”. -Nếu bạn gặp sự cố, hãy gọi cảnh sát “110” hoặc hỏi “KOUBAN DOKO DESU KA.” Điều này có nghĩa là “đồn cảnh sát ở đâu?” Koban là một đồn cảnh sát nhỏ có thể tìm thấy ở mọi nơi. Một số khách du lịch liên hệ với đại sứ quán của họ đầu tiên.Bạn có thể tìm thấy địa chỉ đại sứ quán của bạn ở đây . -Nếu bạn bị dị ứng thực phẩm, dịch chúng trên “google dịch” và in chúng trên một mảnh giấy. bạn nghe thông báo này liên tục, điều đó có nghĩa là có một trận động đất “Jishin Des, Jishin des, Jishin des.” Bạn có thể nhận được thông tin cập nhật về động đất và thiên tai bằng cách nhấp vào liên kết này . Với Nhật Bản, bạn có thể sử dụng bất kỳ loại thuốc nào có chứa: Codeine Phosphate (1%), Pseudoephedrine và desoxyephedrine (10%), Methamphetamine và Amphetamine Bạn có thể tìm thấy những vật liệu bị cấm ở đây . không an toàn. Đừng đi đến ent câu lạc bộ ertainment bạn không quen thuộc với. Không sử dụng thẻ tín dụng của bạn ở những nơi này và cẩn thận về những thành phần đi vào thức uống của bạn. -Như người nước ngoài, bạn phải mang theo hộ chiếu của bạn mọi lúc. -Một số người ngẫu nhiên có thể tiếp cận bạn và cố gắng cho bạn biết những điều bạn có thể không hiểu. Họ chỉ muốn thực hành tiếng Anh của họ.

Japanese police