Kofun Period (250-538)

  • The earliest era of the recorded Japanese history.
  • Heavy influence of Shintoism and no influence of Buddhism
  • Kofun means mound in Japanese. They are keyhole-shaped islands on wide, water-filled moats.
  • The biggest kofun is larger than the Pyramid of Giza in terms the area it occupies.
The keyhole shaped mounds in Osaka.
  • Some people claim the keyhole shape is similar to the shapes discovered on the surface of Mars recently.
  • During this era, the word samurai was not known though one of the world’s earliest armors were found in these mounds. In the excavations there were also many clay soldiers aka haniwa warriors.



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